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Kailash Mansarovar History

centre of creation & the Universe are as old as the creation. Thousands of Sages, ordinary mortals, Philosophers and even the Gods had submerged in the blissful trance at the very sight of this divine grandeur. It is the Meru, Sumeru, Sushumna, Hemadri ( (Golden Mountain), Ratnasanu (Jewel Peak), Karnikachala (Lotus Mountain), Amaradri, Deva Parvatha (Summit of Gods), Ganaparvatha, Ajatadri (Silver Mountain). It is Swayambhu-the self created one. Everything emanates from there and finally returns there.

It is the abode of Lord Shiva and his divine consort Parvati. It expounds the philosophy of Purusha and Prakriti-Shiva and Shakti. The radiant Silvery summit is the throne of Truth, Wisdom and Bliss-Sachidanandam. The primordial sound Aum (Nadabindu) from the tinkling anklets of Lalita Prakriti created the visible patterns of the universe and the vibrations (Dvani) from the feet of Lord Shiva (Nataraj) weaved the essence of Atman-the ultimate truth.

Mind is the knot tying consciousness and matter-that is set free here. This is the centre of Hindu Philosophy and civilization. Kalpa Viruksha tree is supposed to adorn the slopes. The South face is described as sapphire, East the crystal, West as Ruby and the North as Gold. The city of Kubera is situated here. Ganga after originating from the toe of Mahavishnu enter the lunar circle and descends further from Kailash after circuiting Kailash seven times divides herself as four rivers. The major rivers of Nepal and India originate from this area; Brahmaputra(Lohita), Indus(Sindhu), Sutlej(Shatadru) and Karnali. Every object in this area is sanctified and each one is related to gripping legends. As one ascends through Parikama one encounters holy peaks of Ravan Parvat, Hanuman Parvat, Padmasambhava, Manjusri, Vajradhara, Avalokiteswara, Jambeyang, Shavari, Norseng etc.

The scriptures reiterate that one, who takes the holy dip at Mansarovar and carries out the Parikrama around Kailash is absolved of his sins through generations and is absorbed into the Supreme Finality. There is no re-birth, sorrows or joys for her or him/he or she will be with ultimate -the Lord Shiva. He/she becomes Shiva.

This is one of the most important pilgrimage centers for the Buddhists. They worship Demchok (Buddha in forceful form) seated on the summit of Kailash. It is also called Dharmapala-one version quotes the deity as a form of Shiva's manifestation. The description of the deity is more or less like Shiva. Devi is also given a similar form like Parvati.They adore Kailash as KANG RINGPOCHE and Manasarovar as TSO MAPHAM. Guru Rinpoche (The great Indian Master PADMASAMBHAVA who introduced Buddhism) and Saint Milerapa are greatly revered here by pilgrims. Since TANTRISM runs through the main

core of Buddhism here, their customs and practices would be found running close and parallel to Hindu traditions. Like Hindus, they also consider DOLMA(DEVI)and GURU KUND (Thuki Zingbu) as holiest spots. Buddhists strongly believe that pilgrimage to this place liberates them to Nirvana.

The Jain acknowledge Kailash as ASTAPADA and PADMAHRADA. It is believed that Adinath Vrishabdeva - the first Tirtankara attained Nirvana here. A few claim that Guru Nanak meditated here. Across the river CHU, there on the Nyanri range stands an impressive temple. Inside this monastery there is a marble statue radiating peace and compassion. This statue is claimed to be that of Guru Nanak. The entire area echoes with spiritual vibrations. Even the agnostics shall discover new balance amidst that fathomless serenity. One has to experience it. The common belief is that those who are ordained only could be there.